(Hypertext Markup Language) is not a programming language. It is a markup language
that tells web browsers how to structure the web pages you visit. It can be as complicated or as simple as the web developer wants it to be. HTML consists of a series of elements
, which you use to enclose, wrap, or mark up
different parts of content to make it appear or act in a certain way. The enclosing tags
can make content into a hyperlink to connect to another page, italicize words, and so on.
For example, consider the following line of text:
My cat is very grumpy
If we wanted the text to stand by itself, we could specify that it is a paragraph by enclosing it in a paragraph (
<p>My cat is very grumpy</p>
Note: Tags in HTML are case-insensitive. This means they can be written in uppercase or lowercase. For example, a
<title> tag could be written as
<TiTlE>, etc., and it will work. However, it is best practice to write all tags in lowercase for consistency, readability, and other reasons.